2010 First Spouse Gold Coins Information

by US Coins Staff on January 23, 2010

in Coin Information

Issued as a companion to the Presidential Dollar series, the 2010 First Spouse Gold Coin series is also in its fourth year of production. Meant to honor former American first spouses, each coin is struck from one-half ounce of gold by the United States Mint.

2010 First Spouse Gold Coins

The four coins to be issued for 2010 include the Abigail Fillmore coin, the Jane Pierce coin, Buchanan's Liberty coin and the Mary Todd Lincoln coin. They will be released throughout the year in intervals related to the release of the Presidential Dollar they compliment. So when the Millard Fillmore coin is released, the Abigail Fillmore coin will follow shortly.

The obverse of each coin features a portrait of the First Lady with the reverse showcasing a scene from her life. In the event that a President served without a First Lady, an image of Liberty (as depicted on a coin of his era) will be seen on the obverse with a scene from his life on the reverse.

2010 will be the last year to see a Liberty First Spouse coin issued with the Buchanan Liberty. The only remaining President to have served without a First Lady was Chester A. Arthur who was a widower during his Presidency from 1881-1885. For the First Spouse coin representative of his term, Alice Paul, famous American Suffragist leader, will be featured.

Each coin is struck from one-half ounce of .9999 fine 24-karat gold with a maximum mintage of 40,000 across all product options.

More information on the four 2010 First Spouse Gold Coins and the person they honor is provided below.

Abigail Fillmore First Spouse Gold Coin - The obverse portrait of Abigail was designed and sculpted by Phebe Hemphill. On the reverse, Abigail is shown shelving books in the White House Library which she founded. It was designed by Susan Gamble and sculpted by Joseph Menna.

Abigail was brought up a majority of her life without a father, but his collection of books would affect her life immensely. Her love of reading continued throughout her adult life and was the driving force behind her founding of the White House Library.

The social duties normally required of the First Lady was delegated to Abigail's daughter Abby who enjoyed the opportunity. Abigail herself was content to remain in the residence.

Jane Pierce First Spouse Gold Coin - Jane's portrait on the obverse of her coin was designed by Donna Weaver and sculpted by Don Everhart. The reverse shows Mrs. Pierce sitting in the visitor's gallery of the Old Senate Chamber in the US Capitol building observing a debate. It was also designed by Donna Weaver but was sculpted by Charles Vickers.

Jane abhorred the political life and used her influence to persuade her husband to retire from politics while still on the rise only to find he was nominated for President a few years later. It is said that upon hearing the news, Jane fainted.

Unfortunately, serving in the White House was not the only disappointment Jane was about to encounter. Only two months before the inauguration, the Pierce's lost their only surviving child in a train wreck.

James Buchanan's Liberty First Spouse Gold Coin - owing to the fact that James was a lifelong bachelor, the First Spouse coin honoring his Presidency features Liberty on the obverse as it appeared on Christian Gobrecht's Liberty Head Quarter Eagle from 1840-1907. The reverse shows a young James working on bookkeeping at his family's small store. It was designed by David Westwood and sculpted by Joseph Menna.

Of note, even though James was not married, he did provide an official hostess for White House functions in the form of his niece Harriet Lane. James had been her guardian for several years before even taking her to Europe with him.

Mary Todd Lincoln First Spouse Gold Coin - A regal portrait of Mary is seen on the obverse of the coin which was designed and sculpted by Phebe Hemphill. The reverse shows Mary visiting wounded Union solders delivering flowers and books to them. It was designed by Joel Iskowitz and sculpted by Phebe Hemphill.

Perhaps one of the best known former first ladies, Mary Lincoln can also be considered one of the most tragic. Living in the White House during the American Civil War left little room for joy and losing her husband, Abraham, to an assassination right in front of her left her scarred for life.

Bronze 1 5/16" medals similar to the gold coins are also being created by the US Mint for release.

First Spouse coins released in previous years include:

  • 2007 - Martha Washington, Abigail Adams, Jefferson's Liberty and Dolley Madison
  • 2008 - Elizabeth Monroe, Louisa Adams, Jackson's Liberty and Van Buren's Liberty
  • 2009 - Anna Harrison, Letitia Tyler, Julia Tyler, Sarah Polk and Margaret Taylor

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